• Command line tool displays the TCP/IP network configuration of the network adapters on a windows computer.
  • used for troubleshooting issues.
  • Dual Stack is for compatibility purposes.
  • Ipconfig can be combined with subcommands , called switches.
  • ipconfig /all display the full TCP/IP configuration of your network adapters.

Types of IP address / Version of IP address :

  • IPv4 Address
  • IPv6 Address

IPV4 Address

  • Developed by DARPA ( Defence Advanced Research Projects Agency ) in 1981.
  • Managed and distributed by IANA ( Internet Assigned Number Authority ).
  • Represented into dotted decimal number.
  • It has 32 bits divided into 4 groups each having 8 bits.
  • It supports 4.2 billion IPv4 addresses.
  • It supports unicasting, multicasting and broadcasting transmission way


  • Developed by IETF.
  • Developed by IETF.
  • Launched in 6 June, 2012
  • It has 128 bits divided into 8 groups each having 16 bits.
  • Represented into Hexadecimal Number System.
  • Represented into separated by colon(:).
  • It supports 3.4*10^38 IPv6 addresses.
  • These addresses supports unicasting, multicasting and any casting.
  • There is no any class like IPv4

DNS is designed as a client/server application. A host that needs to map an address to a name or a name to an address
calls a DNS client called a resolver. The resolver accesses the closest DNS server with a mapping request.


flushes the DNS resolver cache n the computer.

  • DNS resolves names to IP addresses.
  • computer don’t understand names‚Ķ.they only understand numbers.
  • DNS spoofing is when hackers and malware alter your DNS cache and redirect you to fraudulent websites your DNS if you suspect that your DNS cache has been maliciously altered.
  • flushing Your DNS can help hide website search behavior.

Basic Engineer

Hey Readers! We have more than fifteen years of experience in Software Development, IoT, Telecom, Banking, Finance and Embedded domain. Currently we are actively working on Data Science, ML and AI with multiple market leaders worldwide. Happy Reading. Cheers!


Leave a Reply

Avatar placeholder

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *